Mongolia is a large and sparsely populated, landlocked country in eastern Asia, South of Russia and North of China, East of Kazakhstan. The country is known as the "Land of the Eternal Blue Sky" and as the "Land of the Horse". The roughly oval shaped country covers an area of 1,564,100 km². Mongolian geography is varied with the Gobi Desert to the south and with cold and mountainous regions to the north and west. Mongolian steppe covers huge area compared to other geography types. The highest point in Mongolia is the Khuiten Peak in the Tavan bogd massif in the far west at 4,374 m. The lake Uvs Nuur is a natural World Heritage Site which is a beauty in one word. Most of the country is hot in the summer (+30) and extremely cold in the winter, with averages dropping as low as -30°C. The climatic conditions known as “zud” /natural disaster due to excessive snow/ could happen during January or February.
Mongolia has a population of just over 3 million people (2016), making it one of the least densely populated countries in the world. The main ethnic is called Khalkh and there are over 20 small ethnics in Mongolia which differs by their culture, dialect and costumes from each other. Capital and largest city is Ulaanbaatar (pop.: 1 million). Official language is Mongolian, a language written in Cyrillic and in the traditional Mongolian script.